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The village of Abyaneh is located in the heart of Iran and 40 km from Natanz in Isfahan on the slopes of Karkas Mountain. This village is very famous and most populated residential areas in Iran with an altitude of 2,222 meters. The village’s reputation is mostly due to its unique historical architecture and its various monuments. Abyaneh is one of the oldest human habitats in Iran, with its historical monuments of Sassanid period (around the 3rd century AD).
Old Houses Architecture:
The houses of this famous village are built on a sloping slope, which, if viewed from a distance, is a multifaceted village. The house’s rooms often have wooden windows that looks like sash, and often have wooden logs stretching out into tight alleys.
The outer walls of these houses are covered with red soil. Due to the presence of houses on sloping slopes, there is not enough room to build the warehouse. Hence, each household, according to ancient habitats, has built a warehouse in the hills around the village and used it to store livestock, winter food, or necessary things. These caches are like a cave, and only small doors can be seen from the outside.
One of Abyane’s famous celebrations, which is performed every year with a great spiritual excitement, is the ritual of “palm rest”. The palm is a renowned ritual that is performed mainly in the central cities of Iran such as Yazd and Kashan and some villages in these areas to mourn the Imam Hussein’s third Imam of Shiites. In fact, the palm is a wooden instrument whose cross-section at the beginning and the end is like a servant. This palm is decorated with all kinds of colorful fabrics and metal ornaments, and is carried on special days in different neighborhoods and alleys during the month of Muharram, especially Ashura. The palm is guided along the way by the man who sits on top of it, followed by mourning groups. This collective movement is a symbol of the funeral of Imam Hussein (AS).
- Abyaneh Temple is the oldest Abyanean monument and is an example of Zoroastrian descent.
- Abyaneh has a mosque with its wooden pulpit about 1000 years old.
- Abyaneh has other mosque in the name of the hajtoqa mosque.
- The shrine of Hinza and the shrine of Prince Yahya and the Prince of Jesus are two holy sites of Abyaneh.
- Abyaneh has three historic fortresses built by people to deal with rebellion.
In August, rainfall is at its lowest, with an average of 0 mm. The greatest amount of precipitation occurs in February, with an average of 22 mm.
With an average temperature of 25.1 degrees Celsius, July is the warmest month of the year. The lowest average temperatures in the year occur in February, when it is around -2.5 ° C.
Access to Abyaneh:
Abyaneh is about 320 km from Tehran. If you are travelling from Tehran, your will passes through Qom and Kashan. Around 57 km from Kashan on the way to Natanz, Abyaneh subway on your right can be seen.
The distance from Isfahan to Abyaneh is about 177 kilometers. You should travel to Natanz from Isfahan. From the eastern part of Natanz, you must continue your journey. After 18km away from Natanz, you will see the Abyane road on your left.
Accommodation in Abyaneh:
There is a hotel in Abyaneh called Abyaneh. Other options for lodging, the Vineyard residence in the lower part and the traditional Harpak residence near the fire temple.
Time required to visit Abyaneh:
It takes 3 hours to visit the village itself. There are one-day tours for Abyaneh from Tehran. If you are planning to visit other cities like Kashan and Isfahan, you can stay in the hotel for a long time to spend your time in Abyaneh or around the cities.
Best time to travel Abyaneh:
The best time to travel is spring and summer. Of course, this village can be visited in the fall and winter also. Abyaneh hotel has seasonal tours.
Mostly people visit this village during Nowruz, Ashura and Tasooa.
It is recommended to wear suitable shoes for walking and to have sunscreen and sunglasses
If you are interested to buy souvenirs, Abyaneh has a variety of handicrafts such as ornaments, carpets and veils.